Poisoning Lake George – The Flooding Toxins and Sewage

 AUTHOR’S  NOTE :  The  Intentional Inadequacy of the Spillway   GREATLY  Profits the  State and Hydro Power Company.  These  Penstocks and Dams are  used to HARNESS  the  HP of the Lake.  Succinctly stated  IT’s  ALL  Done on PURPOSE.     JBW

BREAKING VERMONT TAXPAYERS ERUPT ….. BILLIONS SOUGHT TO CLEAN LAKE CHAMPLAIN FROM NEW YORK’S MEGA MESS

UPDATE FROM THE  PO’d  Taxpayers of  Vermont.  Read the Comments regarding WHO PAYS

https://vtdigger.org/2017/02/24/lawmakers-look-fees-taxes-fund-lake-champlain-cleanup/

The  FUND  For Lake George and the Lake George Park Association …..   FLUSHS to Lake Champlain …..  Can You hear  those  GIANT  Flushing Sounds  ?

Hudson River, Glens Falls Feeder Canal, Champlain Canal and the Poop Chute River TICONDEROGA

VERY INTERESTING EXPOSURE OF THE PULP & PAPER MAFIAS and Government SEWAGE DUMPING

“When once a republic is corrupted, there is no possibility of remedying any of the growing evils but by removing the corruption and restoring its lost principles; every other correction is either useless or a new evil.” — Thomas Jefferson –

The  PINHOLE  EXPOSED …….  Imagine  that  A  PINHOLE  in  a  Bath  Tub …….  ASK  The  Lake  George  Association  and  the  Lake  George  Park  Commission  oh  AND    DEC  …….  Pinhole   It’s  a  FACT

LaChuteDam14

Notice the Two Small  Drain Gates for the 242  Sq Mile Lake Basin

Ponding Back  the  Horsepower and Creating all the  Mill Wastes and Sewage

The Continuing Saga of the  Great Toilet Lakes and Toilet Rivers FLUSHED across AMERICA

The Great TOILET LAKES Flushing Crapper, Flushing the Toilet Rivers too

National Dam Safety Program. Lake George Outlet Dam (Inventory …

oai.dtic.mil/oai/oai?verb=getRecord&metadataPrefix=html&identifier..by JB Stetson – ‎1980 – ‎Related articles

The dam will be overtopped by 2.72 feet by the PMF with the gates closed or 2.55 … Therefore, the spillway is assessed as inadequate according to the Corps of Engineers screening criteria.*DAMS. … Lake George Outlet Dam (Inventory Number NY 230), Lake Champlain River Basin, … Personal Author(s) : Stetson,John B.

DAM “A”  on Lake George at Weedville is  54%  incapable of controlling Lake Levels.  There has been a  FORTUNE MADE from  Winter Time ICE DAMAGE caused by Lowing the Pool in the Winter.  NOT just the Dock Repair Industry on the Lake BUT the Mills and Electric Companies have pocked a FORTUNE.   Flushing Lake  of Pollution and Sewage has as well made certain  BANKERS and Land Speculators, filthy rich.   

Civil engineers when designing a dam must establish the capacity of the dam and the rate at which water can be passed through the dam by means of flood gates. Flood gates are an expensive component of a dam’s construction so engineers must consider a trade-off between the cost of the dam and the security it will provide.

The dam design determines the probability that a storm will cause the dam to overflow and possibly destroy the structure. If this probability is 0.01 then the dam is said to be able to handle any thing up to a 100 year flood; i.e., a flood that occurs on average once in a hundred years. This terminology is misleading because it implies that severe storm occurrences are independent random events whereas this is not the case. The random events may be the weather conditions. The weather conditions that produces one severe storm may persist and produce another severe storm not long afterwards. Hurricanes and other tropical cyclones tend to be spawned in sets so one severe hurricane may be followed by others in a short period of time.

The policy of operation for the dam is a factor in determining the probability of catastrophic failure. If a dam is held empty it has the greatest capacity for control of severe floods. But such a policy would destroy the usefulness of the dam for storing water for providing Plant or Mill  water. And if the dam reservoir is being kept empty then the small flood are not being controlled. On the other hand if the dam does not retain some unutilized capacity it will be useless for controlling flood dangers. The dam authorities must decide the proper excess capacity to maintain based on the trade-off they see between the value of stored water versus the value of flood control. Note that in the matter of using dams for flood control it is a question of reducing the cost of small floods at the expense of increasing the damage from the floods which bring about the catastrophic failure of the dam because the water stored behind the dam will be added virtually instantly to the flood. The failure of one dam will quite likely lead to the failure of other dams down stream. The effect will be cumulative.

Some simple algebra shows the nature of the problem. Let the storage capacity of a dam be C and let G be the rate at which water can be passed through the dam based upon the number and size of the flood gates built into the dam. Let the unutilized capacity of the dam be E and the normal stored water be A. Thus A+E=C. A storm may be characterized by the magnitude of the flow at the dam site F and the duration of the flow D.

The rate at which the dam fills up is given (F-G). The time it takes the flood to fill up the unutilized capacity is E/(F-G). If this is greater than the duration of the storm then the flood is contained but if E/(F-G)<D then there is a catastrophic failure. The flood flow down stream jumps suddenly from G to (F + C/T) where T is the length of time it takes for the failed dam to empty. The dam authorities have to consider the effect of design and operating policy choices on an objective function of the form <!–

f(A) – p(E/(F-G)<D)g(F+C/T)

–>

where f  (A) is the value of having stored water of amount A, is the probability of a dam failure and is the downstream cost of the failure. The probability of a dam failure is a matter of the probability of the combination of F and D and .

DAM  “A ”  and  the  Electrical Penstock on Lake George are WHOLLY RESPONSIBLE for  MEGA Damages throughout the Lake Basin and the  State of  New York and Lake George Municipalities  CAN NO LONGER CONCEAL THESE FACTS.      JW

EVERY TIME  LAKE  GEORGE’s    LEACHATE  POLLUTED  WATERS  ARE  FLUSHED  TO  LAKE  CHAMPLAIN  ……  EVERY TIME 

 

A Pictorial Presentation of  How  all  those  BROWN FIELDS /  LEACH FIELDS and SEPTIC  SYSTEMS  are  Killing  Lake  George ….. This is how  Chemicals and  Sewage  Leach into  Lake  George

There are THOUSANDS of  Lake Side  Leach Fields all over the  Lake George  Basin.  The  Bedrock causes all  that  Sewage and Chemicals to  Leach into  the  Lake …..  Go Figure  Right

FLUSHING  ALL  THAT  EAST AND WEST SIDE  SEPTIC SYSTEM LEACHATE  FOR  DECADES …..  YUP   What Gets  Flushed in the  Basin is  FLUSHED  to  CHAMPLAIN

The  ANNUAL  PINHOLE  FLUSHING OF LAKE GEORGE

New York’s Toilet Lakes and Toilet Rivers

Lake George Toilet Lake Champlain Hudson Toilets https://theadirondacksconspiracy.wordpress.com/1850-2/
vimeo.com

THE DILUTION/FLUSHING TECHNIQUE IN LAKE RESTORATION …

cfpub.epa.gov › Science Inventory

Dilution/flushing has been documented as an effective restoration technique for Moses and Green Lakes in Washington State. The dilutionDILUTION/FLUSHING

Flush Flush Flush FLUSHING Lake George and Poisoning Lake Champlain …. An Expose’ https://vimeo.com/207522264

WINTER TIME  DRAW DOWN  ……   JUST  THE  FACTS

Separating the FACTS from the Sophistries and Sewage ….. The Real History of Lake George THE MILL POND ……

 

Sewage and Chemicals Filled Waters of Lake George New York, The DAM Facts and the Deceptions .. https://search.yahoo.com/yhs/search;_ylt=A0LEVvhtgVVZnk4AnHEnnIlQ;_ylc=X1MDMTM1MTE5NTY4NwRfcg…
vimeo.com

aabsouluteproof

Protecting  Andia’Ta’Roc’Te   from the  WORST of  Invasive Species  “MAN”   to honor  all   GLENS  FALLS   INDIANS  and  LAKE  GEORGE  WARRIORS  ……..   Son  of  Swamp  Fox

swampfoxmarsh

IMAGINE  THAT  a  2000  Year  Old  Indian Campgrounds   SUBMERGED in 8 or 10 feet of  water  WEST of  the  Point …..  IN  THE  LAKE …..  The  ARTIFICIAL Flooding of  Andia’Ta’Roc’Te  the  MILL  POND  …….

The Upper  Privilege   DAM  ” A ”   Keeps  Lake  George 8 +  Feet  Higher  than  Natural   (see page  34 )

tcdam

The Upper  Privilege   DAM  ” A ”   Keeps  Lake  George 8 +  Feet  Higher  than  Natural   (see page  34 )

millpond

Flushing the Sewage and Mill Wastes and Cesspool known as Lake George is REALITY

There are many thousands of Lake George Septic Systems

FLUSHING  ALL  THAT  EAST AND WEST SIDE  SEPTIC SYSTEM LEACHATE  FOR  DECADES …..  YUP   What Gets  Flushed in the  Basin is  FLUSHED  to  CHAMPLAIN

The US  ARMY  CORP  Knows  all  about  FLUSHING

eileen.l.williamson@usace.army.mil
Omaha, NE — The annual sediment flushing exercise will be completed at Cherry Creek Reservoir, near Aurora, Colorado on Wednesday, June 1, 2016.

Katie Seefus, water manager in the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers’ Omaha District office, says …. “When the gates are opened, the high velocity of the water leaving the reservoir scours the area immediately upstream of the gates and transports sediment with the flow,” said Seefus.  The sediment flush is required to allow proper operation of the outlet gates.   ( Just Like Lake George and the  Poop Chute River  )

frttisludge

SedimentBedTiconderoga

HIGH RISK  DAM  and  Wholly Inadequate rated a  mere  46%  able to SAFELY  Handle  a  Flood

Dear New York DEC, Lake George Park Commission, Adirondack Park Agency ,  Governor Cuomo, Basil Seggos,  Eric Schneiderman,

The  Glens  Falls  Warren  County   MAFIA  control over Lake George Explained …….  Generational  OLD  MONEY  and  lots  of  Politicians,  Judges and  LEOs  with  CONFLICTS OF INTERESTS.    The  Banksters of  Glens  Falls  and  Their INVESTOR  CLASS  Revealed

bank3

The  Warren County  BAR,  Bartlett  Pontiff  Stewart and Rhodes , the Banks ….. Warren County and  Queensbury New York and the  BOIZ  all  seem to  be  RELATED  by  Blood  and  Money

bank2

Follow  the  Racketeering Conspiracy  Here    https://theadirondacksconspiracy.wordpress.com/draw-down-lake-george-the-pin-hole-project/

bank1

Understanding  The  Giant FLUSHINGS  of  the  LEACHATE  LADEN QUEEN  of  America’s  Leach fields  ……  Flushing the  Brownfields of  Lake George  …..  Pre 1980  Records Requested from US  ARMY

SEE  ALSO  THE  DEC  JOHN STETSON ENGINEERING REPORT

Abstract
The examination of documents and visual inspection of the dam and appurtenant structures did not reveal conditions which constitute an immediate hazard to human life or property. The dam, however, has a number of problem areas which should be investigated further. The structural stability analysis indicates unsatisfactory stability for the dam when subjected to forces which could occur during winter operations (including ice loading), the Probable Maximum Flood (PMF), and 1/2 PMF events. A structural stability investigation of the dam should be started within 6 months to determine the effect of the dam’s steel bar anchor system and the uplift forces acting on the base of the dam. Remedial measures should be completed within 2 years to increase the structural stability of the facility to meet the Corps of Engineers screening criteria. The hydrologic/hydraulic analysis establishes the spillway capacity as 46% of the Probable Maximum Flood (PMF) with the sluice gates open and 30% of the PMF if the gates remain closed throughout the storm. The dam will be overtopped by 2.72 feet by the PMF with the gates closed or 2.55 feet with the gates opened. However, the spillway is capable of passing the 1/2 PMF under either of these two conditions without the dam being overtopped. Therefore, the spillway is assessed as inadequate according to the Corps of Engineers screening criteria.       August 1980
John B. Stetson  Defense Technical Information Center  DOD

REPORTS OF  THE  NEW YORK  STATE  ENGINEER

PROOF  That  Lake  George  is  ARTIFICIALLY  FLOODED

SEE  Lake  George  Outlet  DAM  “A”

Submerged Native Encampment West of  Assembly Point

Flooded  5000  Acres  of  Land  WOW  5000  Acres

glens-falls-messenger-april-9-1829

Queensbury  RATHER  First Nations Land

NOTICE  THE  NW Corner Tract 13

And Look at the Road Across Dunhams Bay

warrencountyqueensbury

Map Left  1800s             Map  Right  1700s

NOTICE  ALL  THE  ODDITIES

The Burnt Ridge Artifacts

EXCEPT

The Burnt Hill ( Ridge ) phase is a recently discovered regional late Middle Woodland manifestation on Lake George, New York. On the basis of comparisons with related groups in central New York and the Hudson Valley, a temporal placement of about A.D. 800 is suggested. Salient ceramic traits include rocker-dentate, dentate, corded-stick and pseudo-scallop shell-like stamping on small to medium-sized vessels with straight or slightly flaring rims, flat, thickened or rounded lips, and elongate bodies with sub-conoidal bases. Other pottery features include vertically corded, punctate,  incised, or complex decoration, appliqué collars, and scalloped or incipiently castellated rims. Broad triangular Levanna type points dominate the weapon inventory, but Jack’s Reef Pentagonal and Jack’s Reef Corner-notched types are minority forms. Possibly associated are thin side-notched points and Steubenville Stemmed points. Meager refuse food remains, the total stone tool assemblage, and local ecological factors indicate an economy based on hunting, fishing, mussel-collecting, and nut-gathering.  Burnt Hill stations were probably occupied in warm months of the year by small bands of people consisting, perhaps, of a few extended families. These groups may have lived in small, temporary structures of poles and bark. As recorded for historic tribes, the bands may have split into family units during winter hunting rounds.

SEE  Submerged Site IN THE WATER  Assembly Point  SEE  APPENDIX   X  at  Pg 302-317  SITE IS IN THE WATER

[PDF]Lake George Wild Forest Draft Unit Management Plan – PDF http://www.dec.ny.gov/docs/lands_forests_pdf/lgwfdf.pdWildlife Inventory . …… of the unit serve as important habitats for a number of wildlife species listed as.

2,000 Year Old  Encampment Site  Submerged off  Assembly Point

submerged2

Fitchburg Sentinel from Fitchburg, Massachusetts · Page 38

Dec 10, 1970 – Fitchburg Sentinel (Fitchburg, Massachusetts), Thursday, December 10, 1970, Page 38. … Lake Champlain, which forms Vermont’s scenic western border, … A million and a half cubic vards of paper mill sludge, nearly half the …

ASludge

Please  Share  Your  Records  Per   FOIL on these issues   1/13/17  JBW

Up and Down Up and Down Up and Down   The Lake George Ice Sheet is  Manipulated Every Winter to FLUSH The Lake George Toilets

FLUSHING  THE  MILL  POND ……  The  Historical Record

Flushing the Commode  FLUSH  FLUSH FLUSH    FLUSHING

THE  CESSPOOL  Lake George

The Glens Falls  Feeder Canal, Champlain Canal, Hudson River and Lake George  ALL  FLUSH  Pollution into Lake Champlain ……. 

Toxic Sludge and Sediments in Both Lake George and Champlain

The Boat Engines are a mere 60%  Efficient  at best

the rest goes IN THE LAKES

champlain2

BEWARE   The NEW  YORK  STATE  CONservation  Racketeers

The  TOXIC  Sludge, Sediments and Mud of the  MILL PONDS

andrew_cuomo_adirondacks

Washington, Warren and Essex County’s and the State of New York has been DIRECTLY involved in Winter Time ( Ice and Snow ) Lake Level Drawdowns  for  many many many DECADES ……  Their  Records of Boat House, Dock Damage, Shoreline and Island Damage and Artificial Flooding of Lake George are ABUNDANT ….. Those Records Need to Be Produced.   The LAW  Requires It

Special to THE NEW TOOK TIMES.   August 19, 1934,    Section SECOND NEWS, Page N1, Column , words

LAKE GEORGE, N.Y., Aug. 18. –The Lake George Association meeting today at the Lake George Club requested the State Conservation Department to take steps to obtain legal relief in the matter of Lake George water levels.

Many Many   Billions in Damages to Lake George and Lake Champlain in THE ADIRONDACK PARK ….. What will Industries and NY State Pay for Cleaning Up  New York’s and Vermont’s  Lake ??

See  Draw Down   Show  Down  …….  The  BATTLE  For  Lake  George

“A”   Gargantuan Flushing Machine   DAM “A”  LaChute River

SEE  The Poisoning of Lake Champlain BY New York’s Industries

US  ARMY CORP ENGINEERS  rates Lake George’s Release Dam as INADEQUATE ….  See Report for Dam 230 ( Ticonderoga )

Abstract
The examination of documents and visual inspection of the dam and appurtenant structures did not reveal conditions which constitute an immediate hazard to human life or property. The dam, however, has a number of problem areas which should be investigated further. The structural stability analysis indicates unsatisfactory stability for the dam when subjected to forces which could occur during winter operations (including ice loading), the Probable Maximum Flood (PMF), and 1/2 PMF events. A structural stability investigation of the dam should be started within 6 months to determine the effect of the dam’s steel bar anchor system and the uplift forces acting on the base of the dam. Remedial measures should be completed within 2 years to increase the structural stability of the facility to meet the Corps of Engineers screening criteria. The hydrologic/hydraulic analysis establishes the spillway capacity as 46% of the Probable Maximum Flood (PMF) with the sluice gates open and 30% of the PMF if the gates remain closed throughout the storm. The dam will be overtopped by 2.72 feet by the PMF with the gates closed or 2.55 feet with the gates opened. However, the spillway is capable of passing the 1/2 PMF under either of these two conditions without the dam being overtopped. Therefore, the spillway is assessed as inadequate according to the Corps of Engineers screening criteria.
THE PINHOLE FLUSHER and all  that LG Sewage Laden Water
champlain2
Lake George’s  SLOP Flushed to Lake Champlain via the LaChute
Lake Champlain  New York …… Up and Down, Up and Down the Lake George Ice Sheet is LOWERED and RAISED during Winter Ice Sheet
Dec 6th  2016mother-and-dad
Honoring  Mr. and Mrs. Swamp Fox …… Clifford and Anita Witham , Swamp Marina, Harris Bay, Lake George NY…  For  Dee and  Coy

Submerged Native Encampment Fire Assembly Point

Queensbury  RATHER  First Nations Land

The Burnt Ridge Artifacts

EXCEPT

The Burnt Hill ( Ridge ) phase is a recently discovered regional late Middle Woodland manifestation on Lake George, New York. On the basis of comparisons with related groups in central New York and the Hudson Valley, a temporal placement of about A.D. 800 is suggested. Salient ceramic traits include rocker-dentate, dentate, corded-stick and pseudo-scallop shell-like stamping on small to medium-sized vessels with straight or slightly flaring rims, flat, thickened or rounded lips, and elongate bodies with sub-conoidal bases. Other pottery features include vertically corded, punctate,  incised, or complex decoration, appliqué collars, and scalloped or incipiently castellated rims. Broad triangular Levanna type points dominate the weapon inventory, but Jack’s Reef Pentagonal and Jack’s Reef Corner-notched types are minority forms. Possibly associated are thin side-notched points and Steubenville Stemmed points. Meager refuse food remains, the total stone tool assemblage, and local ecological factors indicate an economy based on hunting, fishing, mussel-collecting, and nut-gathering.  Burnt Hill stations were probably occupied in warm months of the year by small bands of people consisting, perhaps, of a few extended families. These groups may have lived in small, temporary structures of poles and bark. As recorded for historic tribes, the bands may have split into family units during winter hunting rounds.

Saving Lac  Andia’Ta’Roc’Te  for Generations to Come
AThe Mill Pond
YES  NEW YORK THE PIGGY BANK OF THE
GLENS  FALLS  BANKSTERS
THE   BROWN  FIELDS   OF    LAKE GEORGE

Flush toiletWikipedia

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flush_toilet
  • Overview
  • Contents
  • Operation
  • Manufacture
  • Water usage
  • Flushing mechanism
  • Bowl design

A flush toilet is a toilet that disposes of human excreta, by using water to flush it through a drainpipe to another location for disposal, thus maintaining a separation between humans and their excreta. Flush toilets can be designed for sitting or for squatting, in the case of squat toilets. The opposite of a flush toilet is a dry toilet which uses no water for flushing.

DEAR NYS  Jan 27, 2017

SwampFox <notjuris@gmail.com>

3:44 PM (1 hour ago)
to Michelle, townclerk, dec.sm.Central., info.R5, info

Ticonderoga  townclerk@townofticonderoga.org Lake George Village  lgvclerk@nycap.rr.com Lake George Park Commission    info@lgpc.state.ny.us Town of Lake George  supervisor@lakegeorgetown.orgmmuratori@lakegeorgetown.org nstannard@lakegeorgetown.org  ,   vcrocitto@lakegeorgetown.org  NYS   DEC   central.dispatch@dec.ny.gov,   info.R5@dec.ny.govpressoffice@dec.ny.gov

Lake George Park Commission  (  info@lgpc.state.ny.us  )

On Fri, Jan 27, 2017 at 3:28 PM, SwampFox <notjuris@gmail.com> wrote:

The Lake George Park Commission Has been involved in Lake Drawdowns for many decades.   Annual Winter Drawdown on account of the  Inadequate Spillway that the Army Corp of Engineers reports several times.  LGPC  calls the Inadequate Dam Release Ability ” A Pin Hole in the  Bath Tub “

The LGPC  with the Lake George Association has for many years with the NYS  Park Commission, DEC, as well as  the  NYS Attorney General’s Office and Warren County,  litigated, executed, implemented  Lake George Water Level Drawdowns lowering and raising Lake George huge numbers of times.    The  Director of LGPC  , Warren County, New York State have many many many times issued  Repair and Replacement  Permits and reviewed plans and approvals and inspections because of   Ice Damage and Lake Level Ups and Downs associated with the Lake Levels  going Up and Down.

Your Commissioners, Your Office, with Lake George Association,  NYS  DEC,  Warren County and numerous other Groups have been in Court, Given Testimony, Witnessed and implemented  the  Lake  Levels  Changes for Decades.

I have been requesting these records for a significant amount of time.   Lake George Park Commission is  an arm of the State of New York , Warren County as well as  the  Town of Lake George.   LGPC  has an obligation to keep the above records.   Films, Recordings, Photos, Video , Notes, Letters, Court Records etc.This is the  CATAGORY of  records I have clearly identified before.  Please produce them.

Thank You

Judson Witham

Anita and Clifford  Witham Family Estate

Should You have any questions about  DRAWDOWNS  AKA  Flushing Lake George  during Winter Ice and Snow Cover  The Following Individuals Should Be Asked for Guidance.   

Lake George Park Commission 75 Fort George Road, PO Box 749 Lake George, New York 12845 Phone: 518-668-9347 Facsimile: 518-668-5001 General Email: info@lgpc.state.ny.us

Board of Commissioners

Bruce E. Young, Chairman William Mason John C. McDonald Jr. Catherine LaBombard Joe Stanek David G. Floyd James T. Kneeshaw Dean Cook Kenneth W. Parker Basil Seggos, Commissioner, DEC, Ex-Officio* *Marc Migliore, Commissioner Representative

Counsel

Eileen Haynes

Commission Staff

David Wick – Executive Director F. Joe Johns, Director of Law Enforcement Keith Fish, Director of Operations Roger Smith, Conservation Operations Supervisor Molly Gallagher, Environmental Analyst 2 Joe Thouin, Environmental Analyst 1 Justin Luyk,  Park Ranger

ALSO  PLEASE  SE

SEE  FOR  BACKGROUND

also

On Fri, Jan 27, 2017 at 1:35 PM, Michelle <Michelle@lgpc.state.ny.us> wrote:

Mr. Witham,

I am e-mailing to let you know that we cannot locate any records that you are looking for based on your 12/23/2016 and 12/24/2016 Foil Request.  In the future, if you could be more precise in what exactly you are looking for it might help us to locate the materials.

Best wishes,

Michelle Way

nysappeal
aatoilet
Lake Champlain cleanup could exceed $1 billion

Lake Champlain cleanup could exceed $1 billion

Burlington Free Press · 6 days ago

Phil Scott says the state remains committed to seeing Lake Champlain cleaned up, even though the total estimated price tag over the next 20 years could …

How Can Vermont Come Up With $1.3 Billion For Lake Champlain Cleanup?

VPR Digital · 9 days ago

One-point-three billion dollars. That’s much the state thinks it will cost to cleanup Lake Champlain and other waterways over the … when they have to decide how to raise …

vermont

1,300,000,000  Pieces of Admissible Evidence https://www.facebook.com/isacc.witham/videos/701819773318795/ Listen to the United States Supreme Court Discuss the Huge Pile of Toxic Slop …….. https://www.oyez.org/cases/1971/50%20ORIG

lakegeorgeice

SECRETLY  FLUSHING VAST AMOUNTS OF SEWAGE AND INDUSTRIAL TOXINS  UNDER  THE  ICE  AND  SNOW

Warren County and the  EMPIRE  with the US SUPREME COURT and ARMY CORP OF ENGINEERS and  Millions of  Others are Witnesses …… Lake Andia’Ta’Roc’Te   was engineered / converted to a a MILL POND

 DeLano Paper  with Lake George Paper the Coolidges  and  Balwins Weeds and  the  Finch Pruyn / Glens  Falls  Banksters   MILL  POND
The Glens Falls  Paper and  International Paper  MAFIA
tipaper

Same  Crap  Different Day

Ticonderoga Branch of Delaware & Hudson Railroad

Ticonderoga (Delano) … The major customer for the railroad on the Ticonderoga Branch was the local paper mill. … Ticonderoga paper mill takes up most of the …

International Paper, others face price-fixing lawsuit

http://www.reuters.com/article/us-paper-lawsuit-idUSTRE68936B20100910

Sep 10, 2010 · International Paper, … with the average price per short ton increasing to … Thomson Reuters is the world’s largest international multimedia …

History of the American Newspaper Publishers Association

muse.jhu.edu/chapter/1244402

… at the ANPA’s request.2 During the hearings on … 1916, the commission reported, were the International Paper … recommended that newsprint pricefixing be done …

STATEMENT OF BEFORE THE SENATE INTERSTATE AND …

https://http://www.ftc.gov/system/files/documents/public_statements/…

back to 1916) and the published materials, … prices for newsprint until 3 months after l/orld War I … International Paper Co. was recognized as the price leader

AADump
FLUSHING  THE  POOP  Using Lake  George ……  EVERYTHING IS  RIGGED

achamplain2
AFact2
800 Tons  Every Day for  Decades …… 1500 Acres of  SLOP
 
Dear  Lake George, State of New York,  Warren County  Et Al
 
I write to follow up on the Work of  Nobel Prize Winner  Dr.  Irving Langmuir,  Dr. John Apperson,  DEC  Ranger  Frank Leombruno  and  the  many many other Naturalists and Lovers of  Lake George,  such as  Clifford and Anita Witham …… The  Witham  Family.
 
 
What the  Warren County New York State and Town of Lake George Records Reveal.   Lake George is IN FACT  8  Feet  Higher than Natural by reason of being flooded ARTIFICIALLY at least according to the  Judicial Historical Records of  Warren County and the State are Concerned.
Delano R’s  Industrialists  Roots
The  Delano Fortune …… Lake Champlain, Ticonderoga
AFamily
LG8  Feet  Higher  Franklin DeLano  Roosevelt  and  Gifford  Pinchot
A8Feet
Flushed with the DAM “A”  Flusher Works
SedimentBedTiconderoga
aatoilet
Lake George being a Bed Rock Lake Basin ,  The  Lake  George Park Commission and the State  DEC have notoriously stated many many times Publically …….  The  Dam at Ticonderoga is characterized as a PIN HOLE in a  BATH TUB  which causes Lake Drawn Down Annually to be  REQUIRED to prevent Flooding every Spring.
What is very revealing succinctly stated is many many of Lake George’s most Prominent Figures and Lawyers as well as  Judges and Politicians were all involved with the  Oyer and Terminer  and the  NYS  Appellate Court in a very famous case regarding the  IMPOUNDMENT  of the  Mill Pond made of Lac Andia’Ta’Roc’Te  .   The case was held at Caldwell  at the Historic Court House.
 
The Bath Tub  (  The  Glacial Bed Rock Lake Basin ) has as well  Historic Problems with  Sewage issues  and  Oil and Gas pollution from GAZILLIONS  of  Motor Boats as all know.    The problem being   The Internal Combustion Engines   WATER COOLED  No Less  are merely 60%  Efficient at very best.   This means  20% at least 40% in reality of  ALL   Gas, Diesel and Oils used for  fuel are being discharged into the Lake.   That’s  LOTS of  TOXINS  for  a  AA  Classified  Public Water Source.
Factually  the  Historical Value of the significant Scientific Evidence of  very dangerous Toxins and Sewage being constantly dumped in the Lake certainly reveals the  Derelictions  of  the  Conservation Commission,   DEC,  EPA,  Basil Seggos  and the EPA to say the least.   20% to 40% of all  Oil and Gas from the  Marine Engines   POISON LAKE GEORGE …….  See  MERCURY LEVELS in Birds and Aquatic Animals Studies at Dome Island   MERCURY ENGINES and Inboard Out Boards  are all  WATER COOLED dumping these TOXINS into Lake George.
DEC EVCON
FLUSHED  FROM  LAKE  GEORGE  NY

Time to Produce  ALL  The  Records, Photos, Films and Charts

LISTEN   TO  THE  US  SUPREME COURT  CASE   regarding the  GIANT SLUDGE /  SEWAGE   Mess  in  Lake  Champlain  …….   NEW CASE RECORDINGS …….. https://www.oyez.org/cases/1971/50%20ORIG

Dedicated to Lake George Warriors  and Glens Falls Indians

The BROWN FIELDS which surround Lake George having over TWO CENTURIES of  Sewage ( with all of it’s pollutants )  that has soiled the surrounding land of the  BASIN.   The more than 15,000 septics  and the wastewater systems have created a  GIANT  MESSY DIAPER of  saturated soils laden with ALL SORTS OF  CRAP.   This huge SHITTY  MESS continuously is washed into the Lake   EVERY TIME IT RAINS. 

Alakecarmi2011cyanobacteria
Another extremely important effect of the  Lake Being Flooded 8 feet ….. The Native American  Encampments  and  Seasonal Fishing, Trapping and Hunting North of  Pickle Hill Road ……  Between   The Ridge Road and Bay Road ….. NOW   Bermed and Impounded by Rt  9  L  have been  MASSIVELY FLOODED artificially.    The Road from Millard’s Point at  Harrissena  to Dunhams Bay and the  Brayton to Ripley’s Point  Plank Road  as well as the areas  along ALL  Town of  Lake George and the  Lake Basin Generally have all  been  FLOODED by Man.     I would  argue  the  Mess that has been caused by the  Fuels and Oils,  Sewage and Leachate, and Man’s Abuses of the Lake   prove  HUMANS  are the  very worst  INVASIVE  SPECIE   the  Andia’Ta’Roc’Te    has ever suffered.
 
Enormous  Sewage Overloading  and the  OILS and FUELS  ISSUES  coupled with  extreme Over Development of the Area …….   IS  KILLING  THE  LAKE.  This is without Question  HISTORIC ….. as are the  Issues  of  the  High School Task Force  investigating the  many DEATHS and ILLNESSES in the Lake George School District /  High School.   Christine Dowd  and John Conyers,  Dawn Iannco Han  the Lake George Mirror, Post Star, US  Supreme Court,  The Warren County  even State of  New York  and Town of  Lake  George   ALL  BEING WITNESSES.
 
It should be noted  Judson Witham  is an  EXPERT on Marine Cooling Systems and Engine  Combustion  Efficiencies …….   Water and Gas, Diesel and Oil  leave mess in Lake George …… and  the  Water used by the Animals and Fish in Lake George  reveal extreme  Mercury Levels in these Species Tissues …… I’m thinking  Humans  Drink the  Water as well   CORRECT 
 
I’ve read since 1988  that  Sewage Spills  and  Lake Contamination have become a large issue of  Historical Significance not to mention the Mysterious  Cancer Deaths and Health Issues and Costs all around the  Lake.   When CRITICALLY  EXAMINED  …..  many of the areas Rock Sources are as  well  RADIOACTIVE.    Being a Glens Falls Indian and a  Lake  George  Warrior  these issues are of  Great Historic  Significance.
 
I have requested from State and Federal Authorities  Dam Performance  Data  and  Pin Hole in the Bath Tub  Records  associated with the  ARTIFICIAL  FLOODING.    I would suggest  Lake George Can Be  Cured of it’s  many Ills  as long as the  Smartest of the  Warriors  are allowed to Be Heard and Cooperation Occurs.   It should be noted  LARGE CONSUMPTION  of  Beverages at the  Many Many Many   Bars and  Taverns  encouraged and promoted by the  STATE and COUNTY  for  Tax Revenues ……  is  certainly a  Big Contributor  to the  Sewage Volumes  Right.    As  I  say   Plop  Plop  Fiz  Fiz   …….  This is what the  Problems  Is. 
 
For a  fuller and far reaching  CAUSES  and  EFFECTS   Expose’  Please See …..  The  Poisoning of  Lake Andia’Ta’Roc’Te   and  Lake  Champlain …..  I believe  Lake George Central Schools  certainly should employ the  lessons contained herein in teaching a  full,  accurate and complete  History and Current Events  to  ALL  Students  that become  WARRIORS.
 
 
 
Judson Witham
Son of the  Swamp Fox and Mrs  Swamp Fox
Clifford and Antia  Witham  (   The Swamp  Marina  Harris  Bay )
 
 
 The Battle  For  Lake  George

awar2

info.R5@dec.ny.gov,
Records _Access <Records._Access@exec.ny.gov>
cc: asnye@adkmuseum.org,
bondh2@union.edu,
“dec.sm.Central.Dispatch” <central.dispatch@dec.ny.gov>,
contact@dec.ny.gov,
fred.dunlap@dec.ny.gov,
fwfish4@dec.ny.gov,
info@lakegeorgeassociation.org,
info@lgpc.state.ny.us
bcc: “Miller, Kristy” <millerk@warrencountyny.gov>,
lgville@nycap.rr.com,
townclerk@townofticonderoga.org,
info@lgpc.state.ny.us,
public@dec.ny.gov,
“dec.sm.Central.Dispatch” <central.dispatch@dec.ny.gov>,
pressoffice@dec.ny.gov,
contact@dec.ny.gov,
asnye@adkmuseum.org,
info@lakegeorgeassociation.org,
bondh2@union.edu,
northroc@union.edu,
jpepper@adkmuseum.org,
lrice@adkmuseum.org,
info.R5@dec.ny.gov,
fwfish4@dec.ny.gov,
Bill Howland <whowland@lcbp.org>,
fred.dunlap@dec.ny.gov,
“Voorhees, Jeanne” <voorhees.jeanne@epa.gov>,
paula.mario@epa.gov
Even The Rocks  Have  Issues

Bibliography and Index of Literature on Uranium and Thorium and …

Sullivan County Radioactive Rocks Hudson Valley Wurtzboro, U. S. Highway 209, … Warren County Allanite Occurrences Loon Lake: 712. Loon Lake, RR cut near, V2 mi. S of Loon Lake depot: 711. Radioactive Rocks Adirondack Mountains Bakers Mills, New York Highway 8, … Lake George, U. S. Highway 9, 2.0—3.0 mi.

icesheet
lakegeorgegreen4
lakegeorgegreen3
ASludge
lakegeorgegreen
lakegeorgegreen6
lakegeorgegreen5
Swamp3
From  Brayton to Harris  Bay   NOTE  the  Submerged Flooded Road
AMarina2
Rt 9L   The  Road Bed  Impounds  Ancient Encampment and Hunting Lands of the  First Nations of  Lac  Andia’Ta’Roc’Ye
esh
dunhams-bay
9l-impoundment
The Witham Family  thanks to  Clifford and Anita Farmilo Witham became Baptized  In The  Blood of the  First Nations, The Ancients, The Colonial Settlers and Revolutionary Americans by Toiling with Sweat and Blood  building the Swamp Marina and later the  Saint Sacrament Landing  Marina at  Warner / Katskill  Bay.  The immense History of the  Region is well known to the  Witham Clan and that would include some of the more  substantive facts than You would believe …….  The  GRAND  BATTLES  for  Lake  George  STAY  TUNED   for      More Tales  From The WILD  FOREST
kattskill
Free Use Policy For The Public’s  Benefit and the Progeny of the North County …  Judson  B  Witham  Son of  Mr and Mrs Swamp Fox
CLAN  WITHAM
ACrest
Cliff’s  Shelby …. Baddest  Indian  Warrior  Ride  Ever
Cliff
The  Rascal  Swamp  Fox
Beautiful_red_fox
 Bradford the Scholar
brad
The  Glens Falls  Grand Union 7  From  Cunningham Ave
1013810_10203565722488695_4848571289406071424_n
Somewhere in Idaho …. Nez Perce Country
( Niimíipu in their own language )
abus
Author  a  Son  of  Mr. and  Mrs.  Swamp  Fox

SEE  The  ANNUAL  FLUSHING  OF  LAKE  GEORGE  millpond

aadump  ahanky

Down The LaChute River the  Poop and  Pee  Goes

Dedicated to the  Glens Falls  BANKSTERS  and  GLENS  FALLS  INSURANCE  AGENCY,   Lake  George  Association , Lake George Park Commission,   Warren  County / Queensbury New York and the NEW YORK  STATE  CONSERVATION COMMISSION

SedimentBedTiconderoga

SEE  HERE FOR SOME  TRUE  Glens Fall’s  Area  History

The Last of the Mohicans, Cooper’s Historical Inventions, and his Cave

James Austin Holden
(University of the State of New York)*
Paper presented at the Eighteenth Annual Meeting of the New York State Historical Association, October 3-5, 1916, Cooperstown, New York.
Published in Proceedings of the New York State Historical Association, Vol. XVI (1917), pp. 212-255.

warrencountyqueensbury

The  Magical Fantastic  Dancing Surveys of  Queensbury and Warren County ……  The  REAL  HISTORY

Documentary History of New York

This map, I am informed by Peter Nelson, head of the manuscripts section of the State Library, was preserved in a damaged condition, but tbe part saved is complete as to the New York section of it. Another copy of the map is to be found in the Congressional Library collection of geographical atlases in that compiled by Sir R. Dudley, 1646-47. See Congressional Library list of 1909, no. [100].

The map which Doctor Holden supposed had supplied Cooper with his name for Lake George, was at the time believed to be one of the oldest maps of the province extant. It was engraved by Lucini, an Italian, and before the fire of 1911 was in the map collection of the New York State Library.19 It shows the “Horicans” at latitude 42 and inland from “the gulf of Plymouth.”20 Doctor O’Callaghan believed this map, though undated, to have been engraved about 1631.21 More modern authorities, however, would place its construction around 1639 or 1635,22 or perhaps even a little later.

There were other old maps of the New England and New Netherland regions which might have been available for Cooper’s use, but even today some of these are scarce and rare, except in reproductions, so that their accessibility in 1826 is extremely doubtful.

Among them was Nicholas J. Visscher’s map of the New Netherlands, published in 1655, which shows the “Horicans” located somewhere near Buzzards bay, not far from latitude 41 in southeastern Massachusetts, the “Moricans” near the mouth of the Fresh river, and the “Horikans” established toward the upper reaches of the Fresh (Versche), now called the Connecticut, river, between latitude 43 and 44. They, with the river, are placed, however, to the westward of Lake Irocosia, or Champlain, on the map instead of the eastward, as they should have been.

Here is an embarrassment of riches, where we have “Horicans” and “Horikans,” to say nothing of “Moricans,” to choose from,23 each one located many miles away from the others.

Next we have Adriaen vander Donck’s map of the New Netherlands, published in 1656,24 which shows a tribe called Horikans on the upper reaches of the Versche (Fresh) river (the Connecticut) about opposite “Fort Orange” (Albany) and “Colonye.”

It seems strange that vander Donck did not describe the various nations named on his map, as he has given us a very good pen picture of the New Netherlands in his “Representation” of 1650, with a description of the “Fresh river.”25

Miss Cooper, in her introduction to the Houghton and Mifflin edition of Cooper of 1896, has tried to show that the Dutch writer, DeLaet, places the tribe of the Horicans near Lake George. I do not read the passage in the same way, nor do I agree with her conclusions.

De Laet says, in his New World, in chapter 8: “Next on the same south coast, succeeds a river named by our countrymen Fresh River [the Connecticut]…at the distance of fifteen leagues…nation is called Sequins. From this place the river stretches ten leagues, mostly in a northerly direction, but is very crooked;…the natives there…are called Nawaas. This place is situated in latitude 41º 48′. The river is not navigable with yachts for more than two leagues farther, as it is very shallow and has a rocky bottom. Within the land dwells another nation of savages who are called Horikans; they descend the river in canoes made of bark.” That is the present Connecticut river, not the Hudson.

Since preparing the foregoing the writer has been fortunate to find26 in the New York State Library a copy of the rare 1630 edition of DeLaet’s “Beschryvinge van west Indien.”27 In this the original passage runs: “Binnen in het landt woondt een ander natie van Wilden welck sy noemen Horikans, die dese rivier af komen met canoen van basten ghemaeckt.” This, A. J. F. van-Laer, New York State Archivist, has translated as follows: “In the interior of the country dwells another tribe of Indians whom they call Horikans, who come down the river in canoes made of bark.” This it will be noted closely corresponds with the rendering given in Jameson, it being kept in mind the river in question is the Connecticut of today.

In this old Elzevir edition are two rather interesting maps of collateral interest, on one of which,28 showing about latitude 45-46, are two unnamed bodies of water similar in shape to Lakes Champlain and George. Beyond these are two other bodies somewhat similarly joined together, one marked “Grand lac,” the other “lac des Yroquois,” On the other map, however, between latitude 43 and 46, are two bodies of water joined together to form “Lac de Champlain” and {“}Yroquoys,”29 which more nearly resemble in location and shape those we are familiar with.

It is plain from an examination of DeLaet’s description, therefore, that by no possibility of translation can the Horikans (with a “k”) be transferred except by force to the Lake George region30 from the Fresh or Connecticut River, down which “they descend in bark canoes.”

After describing the “Fresh” river, DeLaet gives a description of the “Great river” (the Hudson), as far as “Fort Orange” (Albany). He mentions the Mackwaes (Mohawks), the enemies of the Mohicans, but in no way describes the Horicans, as being located in this section, and certainly not in the vicinity of Lake George as Miss Cooper intimates.31 Had they been there, DeLaet would undoubtedly have mentioned them, as they would have been the natural enemies of the Iroquois, or Mohawks.32

The English publisher, John Ogilby, shows the “Horikans” on the upper reaches of the Versche river on his map “Nova Belgii Tabula,” 1670, in his folio atlas of America, but it is evidently copied from the earlier Visscher map, showing the same inaccurate placing of Lake Irocosia to the east of the Connecticut instead of the west and about opposite the latitude of “New Albany” and “Colonye” on the Hudson.33

In Louis Hennepin’s work, “A New Discovery of a Vast Country in America,” in the map at the beginning of the book, is shown what purports to be the region now known as northern New York. The map is neither accurate nor plainly indicated, but near the headwaters of the Hudson and Lake George and Champlain appears the name “Horican.” The query is: Did Cooper refer to this map or some of the others mentioned? Hennepin does not appear ever to have seen Lake Champlain or Lake George, his travels being in the western part of the State, in Ohio, the farther west and the south, and his information touching eastern New York was largely derived from others. His knowledge was second hand, although his map may be good enough for a novelist’s purposes. As a geographer, Hennepin has been rather savagely attacked by historians, and his text assailed as to its accuracy.34

On the subject of the Mahikans, Dr. W. M. Beauchamp has said: “The Mahikans were the most northern nation of the Algonquin family in New York, occupying both banks of the Hudson and for some distance west along its upper waters. Saratoga was once in their territory. They claimed the land for two days’ journey west of Albany and farther south their claim was good. Their southern limits were below the Catskills, and some place them still farther south. South of these were several small nations of this family, whose names and locations are somewhat confused.”35 It will be noted that Doctor Beauchamp, in assigning to the Mahikans an occupation so northerly, nowhere designates them as Horicans.

In considering this matter too, it must be remembered that the original inhabitants of the Lake George region were called “Adirondacks,” or tree-eaters. An old Jesuit Relation says in describing this region: “We find here also the Adirondacks, that is to say, eaters of trees. This name has been given them by the Iroquois in ridicule for their fasting while on the chase (hunting). It has been changed more slowly into that of Algonquins.”36 In neither Father Jogues Narrative nor any of the Jesuit Relations so far as examined does the name of “Horican” appear as a tribe, location or name in the Adirondack wilderness.

John Gilmary Shea has a plausible version of the name. In speaking of Lake George he says: “This is now called Lake George, after one of the worthy monarchs of the name. Some old map had Horicon for Hirocoi, and the misprint has been metamorphosed into a name for the lake….”37

Evidently Francis Parkman agreed somewhat with Shea, for in a footnote he says: “Lake George, according to Jogues, was called by the Mohawks Andiatarocte, or ‘Place where the Lake closes.’ Andiataraque is found on a map of Sanson. Spafford, ‘Gazetteer of New York,’ article ‘Lake George,’ says that it was called Canideri-oit, or ‘Tail of the Lake.’ Father Martin, in his notes on Bressani, prefixes to this name that of ‘Horicon,’ but gives no original authority. I have seen an old Latin map on which the name ‘Horiconi’ is set down as belonging to a neighboring tribe. This seems to be only a misprint for ‘Horicoui,’ that is ‘Irocoui,’ or ‘Iroquois.’ In an old English map, prefixed to the rare tract, A Treatise of New England, the ‘Lake of Hierocoyes’ is laid down. The name ‘Horicon,’ as used by Cooper in his ‘Last of the Mohicans,’ seems to have no sufficient historical foundation. In 1646, the lake, as we shall see, was named ‘Lac St. Sacrement.'”38

The name “Horican” disappears, so far as the writer has been able to discover, from the English maps of the eighteenth century, thereby leading to the supposition that the tribe was either amalgamated or absorbed by neighboring tribes, or had been conquered and made tributary in the numerous petty Indian wars in the latter part of the seventeenth and earlier part of the eighteenth centuries. In his earlier work, “The Indian Tribes of Hudson’s River,” E. M. Ruttenber places the Horicans at the headwaters of the Hudson. He, however, changed his views in regard to the tribe considerably when he prepared his “Indian Geographical Names,” published by this association in 1906.39 at this time he wrote: Horikans was written by DeLaet, in 1625, as the name of an Indian tribe living at the headwaters of the Connecticut. On an ancient map Horicans is written in lat. 41, east of the Narragansetts on the coast of New England. In the same latitude Moricans is written west of the Connecticut, and Horikans on the upper Connecticut in latitude 42. Morhicans is the form on Carte Figurative of 1614-16. and Mahicans by the Dutch on the Hudson. The several forms indicate that the tribe was the Moricans or Mourigans of the French, the Maikans or Mahikans of the Dutch and the Mohegans of the English. It is certain that that tribe held the headwaters of the Connecticut as well as of the Hudson. The novelist, Cooper, gave life to DeLaet’s orthography in his ‘Last of the Mohegans.'”

In fact, in an old map upon which the Queen Ann patent of the Kayaderosseras is based in 1708, what is now Hudson Falls is marked as “3 Falls” and Glens Falls as “4th Falls.”

THE  ANCIENT  MAPS  COME TO  LIFE

17. From Cooper’s The Last of the Mohicans, any late edition. Cooper refers here to the “Les Horicans. No map which I have yet seen, or which has been described by others, has this wording of the name. In fact a recent letter from the map division of the Llbrary of Congress says: In answer to the letter…concerning a map, oontaining the name Les Horicans as applied to the Mohlcans, I would say that the name “Horicans” or “Horikans~” oocurs on many early maps but I am unable to find one on which. “Les Horicans” appears…. De Laet’s map gives “Mahicans” with “Les Horikans” in the French edition, 1640. (Memorandum, P. Lee Phillips, chief, division of maps, Library ot Congress, November 6, 1917.) It seems so improbable that Cooper ever saw DeLaet’s Flrench edition, however, I am iforced to believe he made here a slip of memory~ or one of the pen, as he specifies a map in his preface, while DeLaet’s map does not contain the word “Horicans” at all. Again even in the DeLaet text the word is spelled with a “k” which Cooper does not use.

18. Beauchamp.

19. This map, I am informed by Peter Nelson, head of the manuscripts section of the State Library, was preserved in a damaged condition, but tbe part saved is complete as to the New York section of it. Another copy of the map is to be found in the Congressional Library collection of geographical atlases in that compiled by Sir R. Dudley, 1646-47. See Congressional Library list of 1909, no. [100].

20. E. B. O’Callaghan, The Documentary History of the State of New Yark. Albany, 1849, 8vo. ed., 1850, 4to ed., map to face title page.

21. Id. note to 4to edition.

22. P. L. Phillips, chief, division of maps and charts, Library of Congress, List of Geographical Atlases, v. 1, Washington, 1909, p. 214.

23. See map reproduced in colors In E. M. Avery’s History of United States, Cleveland [1905], v. 2, p. 246-47, insert; also id, in John Fiske’s Dutch and Quaker Colonies in America, Houghton, Mifflin and Co., ed. 1903, op· p· 203-4, insert.

24. Reproductions of this map are shown in Collections of New York Historical Society, 2d series. New York, 1841, op. title page; in Justin Winsor’s Narrative and Critical History of America, Boston and New York [1884], v. 4, p. 439; in Proceedings of the New York State Historical Association, v. 6, 1906, op. title page, Indian Geographical Names, by E. M. Ruttenber; and in J. F. Jameson’s Narratives of New Netherland, 1609-1664, Scribners Sons, New York, 1909, op. p. 294. Other reproductions of this map are listed in Winsor, v. 4, P· 438, note 4.

25. Collections of the New York Historical Society, 2d series, New York, 1841, v. 1. p. 125-243. Jameson’s Narratives of New Netherland, p. 295-354.

26. Through the kindness of Peter Nelson in charge of the manuscripts section of the State Library.

27. Leyden, 1630, Elzevirs’ edition.

28. Op. p. 88.

29. See map marked “Nova Francia et Regiones Adiacenti.”

30. Hedges, United States Government ethnologist, is in error in his conclusions that the Horicons were “a people living on the head waters of the Hudson,” nor do his quoted authorities uphold his conclusions. Had he said head waters of the Connecticut, he might have been nearer the fact. Handbook of American Indians, North of Mexico, Washington, 1907, part 1. p. 569.

31. Miss Cooper’s introduction, P· XLIII.

32. See extracts from DeLaet’s New World, in Jameson’s Narratives of New Netherland, 1625, 1630, 1633, 1640-1, p. 43, 47.

33. Wlnsor’s Narrative and Critical History, v. 4, p. 392. Note “from Ogilby’s America p. 169.” A copy of this rare London

Atlas of 1671 is in the State Library at Albany and shows the whole of this map instead of the part of it given in Winsor. From from this it is clearly taken from the earlier Visscher map.

List of  Maps  and  Super  Illustrations / Books

Images for Nova Francia et Regiones Adiacenti

Visscher Map New Netherlands

Adriaen vander Donck’s map of the New Netherlands

Lucini  map of the New Netherlands

DeLaet’s   Beschryvinge van west Indien

Doctor Holden states that the lake had four names, namely, An-di-a-ta-roc-te,13 given it by the Iroquois according to Father Jogues, and meaning “the place where the lake contracts,” Can-i-de-ri-oit,14 “the tail of the lake” (Champlain), supposed to be a Mohawk term, Lac du St. Sacrement, “lake of the blessed sacrement,” {sic} given it by Father Jogues in 1646,15 and Lake George, in honor of the reigning monarch, bestowed by Major General William Johnson in 1755, in honor of his king.16

JW
Advertisements
%d bloggers like this: